Il y a tellement de situations où le port du masque est très difficile (BTP au soleil, orthophonistes, sport, enseignement…) que des études doivent être menées pour tester l’efficacité de l’EAP en tant que masque barrière. Les débats ont fait rage entre les personnes qui prennent un maximum de précautions et ceux qui pensent qu’on ne peut pas empêcher un virus de circuler. Mais qu’en pensent les scientifiques ? Voici un peu de littérature pour connaitre les études et les avis des scientifiques.

Faceshield review et opinion letters
• Perencevich, E. N., Diekema, D. J., & Edmond, M. B. (2020). Moving Personal Protective Equipment Into the Community. JAMA, 54(7), 789–798 (lien)
• Garcia Godoy, L. R., Jones, A. E., Anderson, T. N., Fisher, C. L., Seeley, K. M. L., Beeson, E. A., Zane, H. K., Peterson, J. W., & Sullivan, P. D. (2020). Facial protection for healthcare workers during pandemics: a scoping review. BMJ Global Health, 5(5), e002553 (lien)
• Roberge, R. J. (2016). Face shields for infection control: A review. Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene, 13(4), 239–246 (lien)
Face shield in vitro evaluation
• Lindsley, W. G., Noti, J. D., Blachere, F. M., Szalajda, J. V., & Beezhold, D. H. (2014). Efficacy of face shields against cough aerosol droplets from a cough simulator. Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene, 11(8), 509–518 (lien)
• Lindsley, W. G., Reynolds, J. S., Szalajda, J. V., Noti, J. D., & Beezhold, D. H. (2013). A cough aerosol simulator for the study of disease transmission by human cough-generated aerosols. Aerosol Science and Technology, 47(8), 937–944 (lien)
• Lindsley, W. G. (2013). Supplemental Information. 167(18), 287 (lien)
Traçage UV
• Poller, B., Hall, S., Bailey, C., Gregory, S., Clark, R., Roberts, P., Tunbridge, A., Poran, V., Crook, B., & Evans, C. (2018). ‘VIOLET’: a fluorescence-based simulation exercise for training healthcare workers in the use of personal protective equipment. Journal of Hospital Infection, 99(2), 229–235 (lien)
• Hall, S., Poller, B., Bailey, C., Gregory, S., Clark, R., Roberts, P., Tunbridge, A., Poran, V., Evans, C., & Crook, B. (2018). Use of ultraviolet-fluorescence-based simulation in evaluation of personal protective equipment worn for first assessment and care of a patient with suspected high-consequence infectious disease. Journal of Hospital Infection, 99(2), 218–228 (lien)
• Clay, K. A., O’Shea, M. K., Fletcher, T., Moore, A. J., Burns, D. S., Craig, D., Adam, M., Johnston, A. M., Bailey, M. S., & Gibson, C. (2015). Use of an ultraviolet tracer in simulation training for the clinical management of Ebola virus disease. Journal of Hospital Infection, 91(3), 275–277 (lien)
Mask effectiveness
• Makison Booth, C., Clayton, M., Crook, B., & Gawn, J. M. (2013). Effectiveness of surgical masks against influenza bioaerosols. Journal of Hospital Infection, 84(1), 22–26 (lien)
cough simulator
• Zhang, B., Zhu, C., Ji, Z., & Lin, C. H. (2017). Design and characterization of a cough simulator. Journal of Breath Research, 11(1) (lien)
• Poller, B., Hall, S., Bailey, C., Gregory, S., Clark, R., Roberts, P., Tunbridge, A., Poran, V., Crook, B., & Evans, C. (2018). ‘VIOLET’: a fluorescence-based simulation exercise for training healthcare workers in the use of personal protective equipment. Journal of Hospital Infection, 99(2), 229–235 (lien)
CDC recommandations
• Recommendation Regarding the Use of Cloth Face Coverings (lien)
• Li R, Pei S, Chen B, et al. Substantial undocumented infection facilitates the rapid dissemination of novel coronavirus (SARS-CoV2). Science (New York, NY). 2020 (lien)
Presymptomatic detection
• Oakley, L. P., Tanwar, S., Dyal, J. W., Harney, J., Chisty, Z., Bell, J. M., Methner, Jernigan, J. A. (2020). Presymptomatic SARS-CoV-2 Infections and Transmission in a Skilled Nursing Facility. NEJM, 2081–2090 (lien + lien + lien)
Efficacité des boucliers face contre les gouttelettes d’aérosol
• Lindsley, W. G., Noti, J. D., Blachere, F. M., Szalajda, J. V., & Beezhold, D. H. (2014). Efficacité des boucliers face contre les gouttelettes d’aérosol pour la toux provenant d’un simulateur de toux. Journal de l’hygiène du travail et de l’environnement, 11 (8), 509-518 (lien)
USA : lettre Emergency Use Authorization (EUA) de la FDA
• « On April 9, 2020, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) issued an Emergency Use Authorization (EUA) in response to concerns relating to insufficient supply and availability of face shields1 for use by health care personnel (HCP) as personal protective equipment (PPE) in healthcare settings in accordance with CDC recommendations to cover the front and sides of the face and provide barrier protection during the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. » (lien)